American Lobster | Oceana Canada

Canadian Marine Life Encyclopedia

American Lobster

Homarus americanus

Also known as

Atlantic lobster, true lobster, lobster

Distribution

Temperate waters of northwest Atlantic, from Labrador to North Carolina

Ecosystem/Habitat

Rocky reefs

Feeding Habits

Foraging predator

Conservation Status

Not listed

Taxonomy

Order Decapoda (crayfish, crabs, lobsters, shrimp); Family Nephropidae (clawed lobsters)

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American lobster, unlike most invertebrates, have teeth. However, these teeth aren’t located in their mouths – they are in their stomach. Their stomach chews food using what looks like molars, called a “gastric mill.” Lobster has not always been a sought-after seafood, in fact, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, it was so cheap that Americans used it as lawn fertilizer and fed it to prisoners and indentured servants. In Massachusetts, some servants fought against this by having it added to their contracts that they would not be feed lobster more than three times a week.