Bubblegum Coral | Oceana Canada

Canadian Marine Life Encyclopedia

Bubblegum Coral

Paragorgia arborea


Sub-polar to polar waters in the North Atlantic and North-eastern Pacific


Hard or soft sediment in areas with strong currents

Feeding Habits

Filter feeder

Conservation Status

Not listed


Class Anthozoa (corals, anemones & relatives); Order Alcyonacea (soft corals)


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Bubblegum corals are one of the largest coral species found in North America. They get their name  from their appearance: they are often bright pink and the polyps at the end of their branches resemble wads of gum. These polyps are individual animals that make up the coral colony. Bubblegum corals are cold, deep-water corals that rely on filter feeding. Each polyp has eight tentacles, which usually emerge at night to feed. The tentacles capture prey, such as plankton, that drift by in the ocean currents.

1. Aquarium of the Pacific. (n.d.). Bubblegum coral. Retrieved from:  http://www.aquariumofpacific.org/onlinelearningcenter/species/bubblegum_coral\
2. DFO. (2014, March 11). Corals and sponges of the Maritimes. Retrieved from: http://www.inter.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Maritimes/Oceans/OCMD/Coral/Corals-Sponges-Maritimes 
3. DFO. 2014, March 4). Corals of the Maritimes – Executive summery. Retrieved from: http://www.glf.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/e0010370 
4. ITIS. (n.d.). Paragorgia arborea (Linnaeus, 1758). Retrieved from: https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=52108#null 
5. van Ofwegen, L. (2004). Paragorgia arborea (Linnaeus, 1758). Retrieved from: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125418