CFIA must require that key information follows all seafood products throughout the supply chain, from the boat or farm to the point of final sale, whether that’s a restaurant, a grocery store or a fish market. This information should include the who, what, where, when and how of fishing, processing and distribution.
CFIA must work with Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) to require catch documentation for all domestic and imported seafood, in line with what is currently required by the European Union and recommended by the United Nations’ Food and Agricultural Organization,27 which Canada agreed to support at the G7 Summit in 2018.28
CFIA must introduce DNA testing for species authentication into its inspection program. It should incorporate inspection, verification and enforcement measures at levels high enough to deter fraud.
CFIA’s labelling standards — which should apply to wholesalers, retailers and restaurants — must be brought in line with those used in the European Union.29 They should include essential information such as the scientific species name, whether the fish was wild- caught or farmed, where it came from (geographic origin) and the type of fishing gear used.
It’s time to stop seafood fraud so Canadians can enjoy their seafood, knowing it is safe, honestly labelled and legally caught.